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Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA)

Clark Hill’s Government & Regulatory Affairs group is closely following the recently passed Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA). A summary of the spending plan is provided below.

To discuss your organization’s needs, contact Leader,
Kevin Kelly
, or another member of the Government & Regulatory Affairs team.

After months of negotiations this past spring and into the summer, a group of bipartisan Senators reached an agreement with the White House on an infrastructure package that contains various elements of Biden’s American Jobs Plan (AJP) in addition to the bipartisan Senate-passed Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act, bipartisan committee-passed Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act and Surface Transportation Investment Act, along with the bipartisan committee-passed Energy Infrastructure Act.

Those bills, along with the Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework (BIF) from the summer, ultimately evolved into the $1.2 trillion Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), which the Senate passed in a bipartisan 69-30 vote in early August and the House passed on November 5 in a bipartisan 228-206 vote. President Joe Biden plans to sign the bill on Monday, November 15. The President stated over the weekend that the public will start seeing the infrastructure package’s effects within the next two to three months. However, we would not expect the new and discretionary programs to all necessarily move at this speed.

Agency Guidance So Far

Some federal agencies have started to publish initial action plans following Congress’ passage of the infrastructure bill. Agencies with published materials on the IIJA include:

New Spending

While the IIJA has a $1.2 trillion price tag, it only includes $550 billion above baseline spending levels. The new spending is focused on rebuilding roads and bridges, improving public transit systems, expanding passenger rail, upgrading ports and airports, investing in broadband infrastructure, fixing water systems, modernizing the power sector, and improving climate resilience, as detailed further in the chart below. A presentation that provides a sector-by-sector look at key provisions in the IIJA is available here.

Roads, Bridges, & Major Projects

$110B

Includes the Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act and Surface Transportation Investment Act. Funds new, dedicated grant program to replace and repair bridges and increases funding for the major project competitive grant programs.

Passenger and Freight Rail

$66B

Provides funding for the Amtrak National Network for new service and dedicated funding to the Northeast Corridor, which has incurred a severe repair backlog after Hurricane Sandy. Increases funding for freight rail and safety.

Power and Grid

$65B

Includes the bipartisan, ENR-passed Energy Infrastructure Act, which includes funds for grid reliability and resiliency and support for a Grid Deployment Authority; critical minerals and supply chains for clean energy technology; key technologies like carbon capture, hydrogen, direct air capture, and energy efficiency; and energy demonstration projects from the bipartisan Energy Act of 2020.

Broadband

$65B

Grants to states for broadband deployment, makes broadband access more affordable for low-income families, expands eligible private activity bond projects to include broadband infrastructure, and supports middle-mile deployment efforts.

Water Infrastructure

$55B

Funding for bipartisan Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021. Provides funding for lead service line replacement and to address PFAS. Supports water infrastructure in Tribal communities.

Resiliency

$47.2B

Funding for cybersecurity to address critical infrastructure needs, waste management, flood and wildfire mitigation, drought, and coastal resiliency, ecosystem restoration, heat stress, and weatherization.

Public Transit

$39.2B

Funds nation’s transit system repair backlog. Expands transit systems, supports clean transit options, and increases accessibility for seniors and persons with disabilities.

Airports

$25B

Increases funds for Airport Improvement grant program for runways, gates, & taxiways as well as a new Airport Terminal Improvement program for terminals, concessions, and multimodal connections. Improves Air Traffic Control infrastructure.

Addressing Legacy Pollution

$21B

Funds to clean up brownfield and superfund sites, reclaim abandoned mine lands, and plug orphan oil and gas wells, improving public health and creating good-paying jobs.

Ports and Waterways

$17B

Funding for waterway and coastal infrastructure, inland waterway improvements, port infrastructure, and land ports of entry through the Army Corps of Engineers, Department of Transportation, Coast Guard, General Services Administration, and Department of Homeland Security.

Safety

$11B

Funds highway & pedestrian safety programs, as well as pipeline safety and repair.

Western Water Infrastructure

$8.3B

Funds for Bureau of Reclamation western water infrastructure, including for aging infrastructure, water storage, water recycling and reuse, waterSMART, and drought contingency plans, among other things.

Clean School Buses & Ferries

$7.5B

Funding for the replacement of existing school buses with zero emission and clean school buses and replacement of existing ferries with low carbon ferries and to assist states with operational costs for essential rural ferries.

Electric Vehicle Charging

$7.5B

Funds for alternative fuel corridors and to build out a national network of electric vehicle charging infrastructure to facilitate long-distance travel and to provide convenient charging locations.

Reconnecting Communities

$1B

Funds for projects that remove barriers to opportunity caused by legacy infrastructure.

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Financing the New Spending

In order to garner bipartisan support, the plan needed to have pay-fors to cover the new spending. The IIJA includes numerous financing mechanisms:

  • Repurposed COVID relief funds from 2020: $210 billion
  • Proceeds of the February 2021 c-band auction: $67 billion
  • Economic growth resulting from a 33 percent return on investment in these long-term infrastructure projects: $56 billion
  • States returning unused enhanced federal unemployment insurance supplements: $53 billion
  • Delaying Medicare Part D rebate rule: $51 billion
  • Applying information reporting requirements to cryptocurrency: $28 billion
  • Extending fees on government-sponsored enterprises: $21 billion
  • Sales of future spectrum auctions: $20 billion
  • Reinstating certain Superfund fees: $14.5 billion
  • Continuing the mandatory sequester: $8.7 billion
  • Extending customs user fees: $6 billion
  • Strategic Petroleum Reserve sales: $6 billion
  • Savings from reducing Medicare spending on discarded medications from large, single-use drug vials: $3 billion
  • Extending available interest rate smoothing options for defined benefit pension plans: $2.9 billion

Overview of Other Key Parts of the Bill

  • Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act
    • Provides a five-year reauthorization (through FY26), which authorizes funding for competitive grants, formula grants, set-asides, and more for federal surface transportation programs.
  • Surface Transportation Investment Act
    • Provides a five-year authorization and investments for key rail, multimodal, and safety programs.
  • Energy Infrastructure Act
    • Authorizes funding and programs related to energy technologies and the electric grid.
  • Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act
    • Authorizes funding and programs related to water infrastructure.
  • Select Additional Appropriations
    • $2.61 billion for NOAA Operations, Research, and Facilities
    • $180 million for NOAA Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction
    • $150 million for USACE Investigations
    • $11.6 billion for USACE Construction
    • $4 billion for USACE Operation and Maintenance
    • $75 million for Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Programs
    • $16.3 billion for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    • $550 million for Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response
    • $330 million for CBP Operations and Support at land ports of entry
    • $8 billion for Capital Investment Grants
    • $2.25 billion for Port Infrastructure Development Program

Key Funding Opportunities

Funding Amounts are for the period of FY22-26, unless noted otherwise.

Roads, Bridges, & Major Projects

  • Bridge Investment Program
    • Description: Establishes a bridge investment program to award competitive grants to certain governmental entities for projects that improve the condition of bridges as well as the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the movement of people and freight over bridges.
    • Funding Amount: $12.5 billion
    • Eligibility: State, local and Tribal governments, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), federal land management agency, and other political subdivisions of State or local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Bridge Formula Program
    • Description: Bridge formula program to help support the $125 billion bridge repair backlog.
    • Funding Amount: $27.5 billion
    • Eligibility: State and tribal governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) grants
    • Description: This investment will boost funding for the RAISE (formerly TIGER/BUILD) grant program, which supports surface transportation projects of local and/or regional significance.
    • Funding Amount: $7.5 billion
    • Eligibility: State, local and tribal governments, including U.S. territories, transit agencies, port authorities, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), and other political subdivisions of State or local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • National Infrastructure Project Assistance (NIPA) Grant Program
    • Description: This new program supports multi-modal, multi-jurisdictional projects of national or regional significance.
    • Funding Amount: $15 billion
    • Eligibility: State, local and tribal governments, including U.S. territories, transit agencies, port authorities, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), and other political subdivisions of State or local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) Grant Program
    • Description: This funding supports an increase over baseline funding to the INFRA grant program, which supports highway and rail projects of regional and national economic significance.
    • Funding Amount: $3.2 billion (in addition to authorizing $4.8 billion in Highway Trust Fund contract authority.)
    • Eligibility: State, local and tribal governments, including U.S. territories, transit agencies, port authorities, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), and other political subdivisions of State or local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Surface Transportation Private Activity Bonds
    • Description: This plan increases the current cap on these bonds from $15 billion to $30 billion, as currently $14.98 billion has been issued or allocated. This increase will allow state and local governments to enter into additional public-private partnerships to supplement future surface transportation projects with private investment.
    • Funding Amount: $500 million
    • Eligibility: State and local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Carbon Reduction Program
    • Description: New formula program from the Reauthorization Act to invest in projects that support a reduction in transportation emissions, such as transportation electrification, EV charging, public transportation, bicycle and walking corridors, infrastructure to support congestions pricing, port electrification, and diesel engine retrofit.
    • Funding Amount: $6.4 billion
    • Eligibility: States.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation.
  • Congestion Relief Program
    • Description: New competitive program for projects in large urbanized areas (more than 1 million people) to advance innovative, integrated and multimodal solutions to congestion relief in the most congested metropolitan areas of the United States.
    • Funding Amount: $250 million
    • Eligibility: States, local governments, and metropolitan planning organizations (MPO).
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Surface Transportation Block Grant
    • Description: Reauthorization makes changes to the STBG, including project eligibilities.
    • Funding Amount: $72 billion
    • Eligibility: State and local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Healthy Streets Grant Program
    • Description: New discretionary grant program to deploy cool pavements and porous pavements and to expand tree cover in order to mitigate urban heat islands, improve air quality, and reduce the extent of impervious surfaces, storm water runoff and flood risks, and heat impacts to infrastructure and road users.
    • Funding Amount: $500 million.
    • Eligibility: States, local governments, and metropolitan planning organizations (MPO).
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • SMART grant program
    • Description: The Strengthening Mobility and Revolutionizing Transportation (SMART) Grant Program would provide funds for state, local, or community demonstration projects that incorporate innovative transportation technologies or uses of data to improve transportation efficiency and safety.
    • Funding Amount: $500 million
    • Eligibility: State, local, or quasi-governmental entity.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Passenger and Freight Rail

  • State of Good Repair Grants
    • Description: The section establishes a new competitive grant program to replace rail rolling stock that is past its useful life.
    • Funding Amount: $4.75 billion
    • Eligibility: State and local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Railroad Crossing Elimination Program
    • Description: Grant program for projects that make improvements to highway and pathway rail crossings.
    • Funding Amount: $3 billion
    • Eligibility: States, political subdivisions of State, local and Tribal governments, port authorities, or MPO.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Interstate Rail Compacts
    • Description: Provides financial assistance to entities implementing interstate rail compacts for costs of administration, systems planning, and operations coordination.
    • Funding Amount: $3 million annually for FY22-26 (Comes from Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor appropriation)
    • Eligibility: Entities implementing interstate rail compacts.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Immobilization Grant Program
    • Description: Grants to immobilize or impound passenger-carrying commercial motor vehicles that are determined to be unsafe or fail inspection.
    • Funding Amount: Discretionary from FMCSA grant pool ($622 million)
    • Eligibility: States.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Commercial Motor Vehicle Enforcement Training and Support
    • Description: Grants to provide training to non-Federal employees who conduct commercial motor vehicle enforcement activities and related training materials.
    • Funding Amount: $25 million
    • Eligibility: Nonprofit organizations that train vehicle enforcement employees.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  • Safe Streets and Roads for All Grant Program
    • Description: Grants for eligible entities to develop and carry out safety plans to prevent death and injury on roads and streets.
    • Funding Amount: $5 billion
    • Eligibility: Metropolitan planning organizations, local governments, and Tribal governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Power and Grid

  • Enhanced grid security
    • Description: Creates a program to develop advanced cybersecurity applications and technologies for the energy sector, a program to enhance and test emergency response capabilities of DOE, and a program to increase the functional preservation of electric grid operations or natural gas and oil operations in the face of threats and hazards.
    • Funding Amount: $250,000,000 for the period of FY22-26 for the Cybersecurity for the Energy Sector RD&D program, $50,000,000 for the period of FY22-26 for the Energy Sector Operational Support for Cyber Resilience Program, and $50,000,000 for the period of FY22-26 for Modeling and Assessing Energy Infrastructure Risk.
    • Eligibility: Utilities.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy in consultation with Department of Homeland Security
  • Battery Material Processing Grant Program
    • Description: Establishes a battery manufacturing and recycling grant program to support a North American battery supply chain
    • Funding Amount: $3 billion for FY22-26 for battery material processing grants, $3 billion for FY22-26 for battery manufacturing and recycling grants and $10 million for FY22 for the recycling prize and $125 million for the battery recycling programs at DOE.
    • Eligibility: States and local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Preventing outages and enhancing the resilience of the electric grid
    • Description: Supports activities that reduce the likelihood and consequence of impacts to the electric grid due to extreme weather, wildfire, and natural disaster.
    • Funding Amount: $5 billion over FY22-26
    • Eligibility: electric grid operator, electricity storage operator, an electricity generator, a transmission owner or operator, a distribution provider, a fuel supplier.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Rural and Municipal Utility Advanced Cybersecurity Grant and Technical Assistance Program
    • Description: Provides grants and technical assistance for utilities to detect, respond to, and recover from cybersecurity threats.
    • Funding Amount: $250 million
    • Eligibility: A rural electric cooperative, a utility owned by a political subdivision of a State, such as a municipally owned electric utility, a utility owned by any agency, authority, corporation, or instrumentality of 1 or more political subdivisions of a State, a not-for-profit entity that is in a partnership with not fewer than 6 municipal entities, and an investor-owned electric utility that sells less than 4,000,000 megawatt hours of electricity per year.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Program Upgrading Our Electric Grid Reliability and Resiliency
    • Provides Federal financial assistance to demonstrate innovative approaches to transmission, storage, and distribution infrastructure to harden resilience and reliability and to demonstrate new approaches to enhance regional grid resilience, implemented through States by public and publicly regulated entities on a cost-shared basis.
    • Funding Amount: $5 billion for the period of FY22-26 for the Energy Infrastructure Federal Financial Assistance program and $1 billion for the period of FY22-26 for Rural or Remote Areas.
    • Eligibility: State(s), local government, Indian Tribe, public utility commission.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy and FERC

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Broadband

  • Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment Program
    • Description: A formula-based grant program to states, territories and the District of Columbia for the purposes of broadband deployment. The program does not favor particular technologies or providers. Projects would have to meet a minimum download/upload build standard of 100/20 megabits per second
    • Funding Amount: $42.45 billion; funding includes 10% set-aside for high-cost areas and each state and territory receives an initial minimum allocation
    • Eligibility: States, territories, and DC.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration

 “Middle Mile” Grant Program

    • Description: This provision would create a grant program for the construction, improvement or acquisition of middle-mile infrastructure. The “middle mile” refers to the installation of a dedicated line that transmits a signal to and from an internet Point of Presence. Competition of middle-mile routes is necessary to reach unserved areas, reduce capital expenditures, and lower operating costs.
    • Funding Amount: $1 billion
    • Eligibility: Telecommunications companies, technology companies, electric utilities, utility cooperative, etc.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Commerce
  • Other Appropriations
    • $2 billion for the Broadband Connectivity Fund
    • $2.75B for Department of Commerce’s competitive Digital Equity Grant Program and State Digital Equity Capacity Grant Program

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Water Infrastructure

  • Assistance for Small and Disadvantaged Communities Grant Program
    • Description: Competitive grant program administered by the EPA and distributed to states that have demonstrated high numbers of underserved communities.
    • Funding amount: $50 million for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026
    • Eligibility: States with high numbers of underserved communities.
    • Administering Agency: EPA

 Drinking Water and Clean Water State Revolving Funds

    • Description: Provides funds to the Drinking Water and Clean Water State Revolving Funds, which provide below-market rate loans and grants to fund water infrastructure improvements to protect public health and the environment. The legislation reduces the state cost share for the first two years to 10 percent. Forty-nine percent of the funding will be administered as grants and completely forgivable loans.
    • Funding Amount: $23.426 billion
    • Eligibility: States.
    • Administering Agency: EPA
  • Lead Service Line Replacement
    • Description: Drinking Water State Revolving Funds to be directed to the lead service line replacement. One hundred percent of the funding is for lead pipe replacement. If a state doesn’t have a use for the lead allocation, it is redistributed to other states (using the SRF formula) for the purposes of lead pipe replacement. Corrosion control is not eligible for funding.
    • Funding Amount: $15 billion
    • Eligibility: States in need of lead service line replacement.
    • Administering Agency: EPA
  • DWSRF, CWSRF, EPA’s Small and Disadvantaged Communities program (PFAS)
    • Description: provides funding for states and water utilities (drinking water and waste water) to be used in the treatment of any pollutant that is a perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) or any pollutant identified by the Administrator as a contaminant of emerging concern.
    • Funding Amount: $10 billion; States are not required to provide a cost share. Up to 100 percent of the funding will be administered as grants.
    • Administering Agency: EPA

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Resiliency

  • FEMA Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) Program
    • Description: This is a pre-disaster mitigation program, supporting states, local communities, tribes and territories undertaking hazard mitigation projects to reduce the risks they face from disasters and natural hazards.
    • Funding Amount: $1 billion
    • Eligibility: States, local communities, tribes, and territories.
    • Administering Agency: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
  • RECYCLE Act (S.923)
    • Description: Establishes a new grant program at the EPA to help educate households and consumers about their residential and community recycling program. This helps decrease contamination in the recycling stream and helps support recycling infrastructure.
    • Funding Amount: $75 million ($15 million per year)
    • Eligibility: State, a unit of local government, a Tribal government, a nonprofit organization, or a public-private partnership.
    • Administering Agency: EPA
  • Save Our Seas Act 2.0, Post-Consumer Materials Management Grants
    • Description: This would fund a new grant program to support improvements to local post-consumer materials management, including municipal recycling program.
    • Funding Amount: $275 million
    • Eligibility: States, local governments, Indian tribes, and public water systems.
    • Administering Agency: EPA
  • State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial (SLTT) Grant Program:
    • Description: Establishes a new grant program to provide Federal cybersecurity assistance to SLTT entities.
    • Funding Amount: $1 billion
    • Eligibility: State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial entities.
    • Administering Agency: FEMA in consultation with CISA acting as the subject matter expert.
  • Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient, and Cost-saving Transportation (PROTECT) grant program
    • Description: The program includes $7.3 billion in formula grants that will be distributed to States and $1.4 billion in competitive grants to help States and local agencies improve the resiliency of transportation infrastructure. Resilience grants comprise resilience improvement grants, community resilience and evacuation route grants, and at-risk coastal infrastructure grants.
    • Funding Amount: $8.7 billion in contract authority
    • Eligibility: States.
    • Administering Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Assistance for Local Emergency Response Training Grant Program
    • Description: Authorizes the Assistance for Local Emergency Response Training (ALERT) grant program, which promotes hazardous material response training for volunteer or remote emergency responders.
    • Funding Amount: Secretary’s discretion
    • Eligibility: Nonprofit organizations that represent first responders.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Homeland Security
  • Cost-effective codes implementation for efficiency and resilience
    • Description: Grant program to enable sustained, cost-effective implementation of updated building codes
    • Funding Amount: $225 million
    • Eligibility: Relevant state agency or partnership.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Building, training, and assessment centers
    • Description: Grants to establish building, training, and assessment centers to educate and train building technicians and engineers on implementing modern building technologies
    • Funding Amount: $10 million for FY22
    • Eligibility: Institutions of higher education.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Cyber Response and Recovery Fund
    • Description: This provision allows the Secretary of Homeland Security to declare a Significant Incident following a breach of public and private networks and a fund that allows the CISA to provide direct support to public or private entities as they respond and recover from significant cyberattacks and breaches.
    • Funding Amount: $100 million
    • Eligibility: Public and Private networks subject to cyberattacks/breaches.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Homeland Security, CISA
  • USDA NRCS Watershed Programs
    • Description: provides $500M for Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations (WFPO) and $118M for Watershed Rehabilitation Programs. Both programs are critically important to Western and Midwestern states being hit by drought. WFPO helps units of federal, state, local, and tribal governments protect and restore watersheds up to 250,000 acres.
    • Funding Amount: $618 million
    • Eligibility: Federal, state, local, and tribal governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Agriculture

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Public Transit

  • Federal-State Partnership for Intercity Passenger Rail Grants
    • Description: Broadens project eligibility for Federal-State Partnership grant program beyond Amtrak and State-owned assets
    • Funding Amount: $7.5 billion
    • Eligibility: States
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Airports

  • Airport Terminal Program
    • Description: Discretionary grant program for terminal development and other landside projects spread out over 5 years. The language ensures that terminal projects at small hub airports, non-hub, and nonprimary airports will receive funding guaranteeing that communities of all sizes benefit
    • Funding Amount: $5 billion
    • Eligibility: Not more than 55 percent shall be for large hub airports, not more than 15 percent shall be for medium hub airports, not more than 20 percent shall be for small hub airports, and not less than 10 percent shall be for non-hub and nonprimary airports
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
    • Additional Appropriations: $15 billion in formula funding for AIP projects

 Air Traffic Control Infrastructure

    • Description: Funding to upgrade Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control facilities and equipment.
    • Funding Amount: $5 billion
    • Eligibility: FAA-owned ATC facilities.
    • Administering Agency: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

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Addressing Legacy Pollution

  • PHMSA Modernization
    • Description: Grants to community owned utilities to replace outdated cast iron and bare steel distribution pipeline
    • Funding Amount: $1 billion
    • Eligibility: Community Utilities.
    • Administering Agency: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
  • Abandoned Hardrock Mine Reclamation
    • Description: To inventory, assess, decommission, reclaim, respond to hazardous substance releases on, and remediate abandoned hardrock mine lands.
    • Funding amount: $3 billion; 50 percent is reserved for grants to States & Tribes and 50 percent is reserved for use on Federal land.
    • Eligibility: Federal, State, Tribal, local, and private land that has been affected by past hardrock mining activities, and water resources that traverse or are contiguous to such land.
    • Administering Agency: Department of the Interior

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Ports and Waterways

  • Reduction in Truck Emissions at Ports
    • Description: Competitive grants that reduce port-related emissions from idling trucks. This program comes from the recent EPW Surface Transportation Reauthorization that passed committee unanimously.
    • Funding Amount: $80 million per year for 5 years
    • Eligibility: Ports and intermodal port transfer facilities.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Safety

  • Modifications to Section 1906 grant program
    • Amends the Section 1906 Program, which encourages states to prohibit the use of racial profiling by law enforcement during traffic stops, by expanding eligible uses of funds
    • Funding Amount: $11.5 million annually
    • Eligible entities: States.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Western Water Infrastructure

  • Small water storage and groundwater storage projects
    • Description: Competitive grant program for small water storage projects
    • Funding Amount: $100 million
    • Eligibility: non-Federal project sponsor of any project in a Reclamation State, including the State of Alaska or Hawaii.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Interior
  • Large-scale water recycling and reuse projects
    • Description: Competitive grant program for large-scale water recycling and reuse projects
    • Funding Amount: $450 million
    • Eligibility: A State, Indian Tribe, municipality, irrigation district, water district, wastewater district, or other organization with water or power delivery authority; a State, regional, or local authority, the members of which include 1 or more organizations with water or power delivery authority; or an agency established under State law for the joint exercise of powers.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Interior
  • Multi-benefit projects to improve watershed health
    • Description: Competitive grant program for habitat restoration projects in river basins that have been impacted by Bureau of Reclamation water projects
    • Funding Amount: $100 million
    • Eligibility: A State, a Tribal or local government, an organization with power or water delivery authority, a regional authority, or a nonprofit conservation organization.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Interior

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Clean School Buses & Ferries

  • Clean School Bus Program
    • Description: Implements a school bus change out program (“Clean School Bus Program”) to reduce emissions and improve public health.
    • Funding Amount: $5 billion; Fifty percent of the funds are authorized for zero-emission school buses, and 50 percent of the funds are authorized for alternative fuels and zero-emission school buses. Funds may be prioritized for rural or low-income communities and entities that have matching funds available. The Administrator is authorized to provide funds to cover up to 100 percent of the costs for the replacement of the bus.
    • Eligibility: State or local governments, eligible contractors, and nonprofit school transportation associations.
    • Administering Agency: EPA
  •  Electric or Low-Emitting Ferries
    • Description: Directs the Secretary of Transportation to establish a $250 million pilot program to provide grants for the purchase of electric or low-emitting (methanol, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen, coal-derived liquid fuels, biofuels) ferries.
    • Funding Amount: $250 million
    • Eligibility: Requires that at least one grant be awarded to the State with the largest Marine Highway System and a bi-ferry service with an aging fleet.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation
  •  Basic Essential Ferry Service
    • Description: A program to ensure that basic essential ferry service is provided to rural areas by providing funds to States to provide such basic essential ferry service.
    • Funding Amount: $1 billion
    • Eligibility: States; Eligible places must serve at least two rural areas and have had scheduled ferry transportation services from 2015-2020.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Electric Vehicle Charging

  • EV Charging Infrastructure
    • Description: Establishes a grant program at DOT for Alternative Fuel Corridors as well as a National Electric Vehicle Formula Program at DOT to provide additional funding to states to deploy EV charging infrastructure.
    • Funding Amount: $7.5 billion
    • Eligibility: State and local governments, MPOs and other public-sector entities.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation

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Reconnecting Communities

  • Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program
    • Description: Community connectivity pilot program through which eligible entities may apply for planning funds to study the feasibility and impacts of removing, retrofitting, or mitigating any existing transportation facilities that create barriers to mobility, access, or economic development, and for construction funds to carry out a project to remove, retrofit or mitigate an eligible facility and, if appropriate, to replace it with a new facility.
    • Funding Amount: $1 billion.
    • Eligibility: States, local governments, and metropolitan planning organizations (MPO).
    • Administering Agency: Department of Transportation.

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Advanced Energy

  • Energy Efficiency Materials Pilot Program
    • Funding Amount: $50 million (Individual grants will not exceed $200,000)
    • Eligibility: Non-profit organizations (e.g., 501(c)(3)).
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Energy efficiency revolving loan fund capitalization grant program.
    • Revolving loan fund capitalization grant program to conduct commercial energy audits, residential energy audits, or energy upgrades or retrofits
    • Funding Amount: $250 million
    • Eligibility: States.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Advanced energy manufacturing and recycling grant program
    • Description: Grant program focused on small- and medium-sized manufacturers to enable them to build new or retrofit existing manufacturing and industrial facilities to produce or recycle advanced energy products in communities where coal mines or coal power plants have closed
    • Funding Amount: $750 million
    • Eligibility: Advanced energy projects, with priority given to minority-owned businesses.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Critical minerals mining and recycling research
    • Description: Establishes several initiatives to address supply chains resiliency
    • Funding Amount: $100,000,000 for the pilot project grant program for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2024
    • Eligibility: Institutions of higher education, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Carbon utilization program
    • Description: Establishes a grant program for state and local governments to procure and use products derived from captured carbon oxides.
    • Funding Amount: $310 million
    • Eligibility: State and local governments.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Carbon dioxide transportation infrastructure finance and innovation
    • Description: Establishes a CO2 Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (CIFIA) program, which will provide flexible, low-interest loans for CO2 transport infrastructure projects and grants for initial excess capacity on new infrastructure to facilitate future growth.
    • Funding Amount: $600 million for FY22 and 23 and $300 million for each of FY 24-26.
    • Eligibility: Common carrier, defines as a transportation infrastructure operator.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Carbon Removal
    • Description: Program for projects that contribute to the development of four regional direct air capture hubs
    • Funding Amount: $3.5 billion
    • Eligibility: Direct air capture projects.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Regional clean hydrogen hubs
    • Description: At least four regional clean hydrogen hubs to demonstrate the production, processing, delivery, storage, and end-use of clean hydrogen.
    • Funding Amount: $8 billion
    • Eligibility: Open
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Clean energy demonstration program on current and former mine land
    • Description: Program to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of carrying out clean energy projects on current and former mine land in a compatible manner with any existing operations.
    • Funding Amount: $500M
    • Eligibility: Project that demonstrates one or more of the following technologies: Solar, micro-grids, geothermal, direct air capture, fossil-fueled electricity generation with carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration, energy storage, including pumped storage hydropower and compressed air storage, advanced nuclear technologies.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Energy auditor training grant program
    • Description: Grant program under which eligible States train individuals to conduct energy audits or surveys of commercial and residential buildings
    • Funding Amount: $40 million
    • Eligibility: States.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy
  • Energy efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program
    • Description: Funding to be used in programs that finance energy efficiency and other clean energy capital investments, projects, loan programs, and performance contracting programs
    • Funding Amount: $550 million for FY22
    • Eligibility: Cities, communities, states, U.S. territories, and Indian tribes.
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
  • Grants for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy improvements at public school facilities
    • Description: This section directs the Secretary to award competitive grants to make energy efficiency renewable energy, and alternative fueled vehicle upgrades and improvements at public schools.
    • Funding Amount: $500 million
    • Eligibility: 1 local educational agency; and 1 or more— (i) schools; (ii) nonprofit organizations that have the knowledge and capacity to partner and assist with energy improvements; (iii) for-profit organizations; (iv) community partners
    • Administering Agency: Department of Energy